What Are the Different Kinds of Steel?

What Are the Different Kinds of Steel?

There are many different kinds of steel fabricator. These can range from Carbon to Low carbon, Austenitic to Duplex. These materials are used in a variety of applications, and the properties of each are listed below. In addition to being incredibly strong, steel also exhibits a wide range of properties that make them great for various applications.


Carbon steel is steel that contains a carbon content of 0.05 to 2.1 percent by weight. According to the American Iron and Steel Institute, the steel is considered a carbon steel if it has more than 0.05 percent carbon. This type of steel is often used in construction, as it can be very durable and long-lasting.

The process of manufacturing carbon steel involves three steps: rolling, heat treatment, and surface treatment. First, solid cast ingots need to be rolled into usable shapes and sizes. In the rolling process, the steel is compressed and heated above the recrystallization temperature, which gives the steel a uniform grain size and even distribution of carbon.

Low carbon

Steel with low carbon content has a wide range of applications and is used for many different types of construction projects. This material has low cost and is easy to manufacture. It is also used for different kinds of heavy machinery. Although low carbon steel has many uses in daily life, it is most commonly used in construction projects for its structural properties. Its low carbon content means that it is strong enough to be used for building frames and is resistant to wind and seismic forces.

The amount of carbon in steel influences its hardness and strength. The more carbon a steel has, the harder it will be. The amount of carbide that forms during the process of hardening is another factor. Steel with low carbon is not as hard as high-carbon steel, but it still exhibits high strength and toughness.


Austenitic steel is a type of stainless steel. This type of steel has properties that make it suitable for a wide range of industrial applications. In addition, it is non-magnetic. Because of its high density of atoms per cell, this material is tough enough to handle high temperatures. Due to this, it is often used in high-temperature applications like heat exchangers. In addition, it is also widely used in furnaces, boilers, and turbines. Austenitic stainless steel has a similar hardness to mild steel, but it is more flexible and ductile. It also exhibits a high elongation capacity when tested in tensile strength tests.

The crystalline structure of austenitic steel is characterized by lamellar structures with deformation twins and shear bands. This form is formed when an austenitic grain undergoes a large amount of deformation and a shear band breaks through a grain boundary.


Duplex stainless steels are a type of stainless steel that contains two phases – austenite and ferrite – in roughly equal amounts. These alloys are highly corrosion resistant and are commonly used in engineering applications. They are also known as “super stainless steels” for their ability to withstand high temperatures.

There are several grades of duplex steel. The most common is Standard Duplex, which contains more than 20% chromium and about 5% nickel and 3% molybdenum. There is also a lean version, referred to as Mager Duplex. It is available in S32201, S32101, and S32304.

Unlike austenitic stainless steels, duplex steels offer improved strength and resistance to localised corrosion. The combination of chromium and molybdenum increases their resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion. This is measured by the PREN (Pitting Resistance Equivalent Number). The higher the PREN, the higher the resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion. However, duplex steels are inferior to ferritic stainless steels in this regard.

Stainless steel

Stainless steel is a type of steel that is characterized by its high chromium content. It is usually identified by a three-digit number that begins with the letter “C”. It is usually used in structural applications such as pipes, tanks, and vessels. Depending on the application, stainless steel tubing is available in a wide variety of diameters.

To make stainless steel, the steel is first melted in basic oxygen furnaces or electric-arc furnaces. Then, it is refined in another steelmaking vessel, removing excess carbon. After refining, the steel is usually subjected to an argon-oxygen decarburization process, which involves injecting a mixture of argon and oxygen into the liquid steel. Depending on the desired mechanical properties, the steel may be descaled to prevent it from oxidizing.